- · 9:30 pm: first torpedo observed forward of ship passing right to left, starboard to port, 20-50 feet deep
- · 10:00 pm: second torpedo passed beneath the Freden amidships from starboard to port (same side) – passing deep
- · 11:00 pm: third passed beneath the ship forward of the bridge, time left to right/port to starboard, about 10 feet below the hull.
- · 11:30 pm: fourth and final torpedo passed just forward of the Freden, very close, from port to starboard, again about 10 feet beneath the surface
Gentile, Gary, “The Fuhrer’s U-Boats in American Waters,” Bellerophon Bookworks, Philadelphia PA, 2006
Mason, Capt. Jerry, www.uboatarchive.net for English translation of U-136’s diary or KTB
“Survivors Statements,” from NARA, in Washington DC, as found by Michael Constandy, www.westmorelandresearch.org. Formal citation: Survivor’s Statements (1941-1942) Series : Papers of Vice Admiral Homer N. Wallin, compiled 1941 – 1974. Record Group 38: Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1875 – 2006 Entry P-13. National Archives at College Park – Textual Reference (Military) 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740